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Verdant Power’s Free Flow System (FFS) is a turnkey water-to-wire system utilizing horizontal-axis turbines to convert the kinetic energy of fast-moving (> 1.8 m/s) water currents into clean renewable electricity.    Multiple turbines are deployed on TriFrame™ mounts in a field array fully underwater and not visible from the surface.

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Free Flow System Turbine

The central component of the Verdant Power Free Flow System is a three-bladed horizontal-axis turbine.  The turbine is equipped with a composite rotor with three fixed-pitch blades that rotate at a slow and regular rate (approx. 32 rpm), well below normal water vessel propeller speeds and conventional hydropower turbine blade speeds.


The drive train and generator are enclosed within the nacelle, including a special integrated long-life planetary gear box and bearing housing with mechanical shaft seals for the main shaft. The sealed nacelle is supported on a pylon that attaches to a seafloor mount, which can vary depending on site and project specifications

Simple and Scalable: A key advantage of  the turbine is its simplicity -- the unit is 'ready for operation' almost as soon as it is deployed. The turbines include no hydraulic systems and rotate to generate energy as long as there is a adequate water speed (> 1.8 m/s). The turbines operate continually and automatically and are remotely monitored by a proprietary control system.


Gen5 Free Flow System Turbine (5m Scale)

TriFrame™ Mount

Verdant Power's TriFrame™ is a steel, triangular frame mount that supports three Free Flow System turbines.  An array of multiple turbines on  TriFrames is arranged at a project site based on water velocity, hydrodynamics, and accessibility.


Array Maintenence - Retrieve and Replace (R&R): A Key advantage of the TriFrame™ is that multiple turbines can be accessed through one on-water operation. To minimize outage time and high costs of on-water work, the evolving TriFrame™ maintenacnce strategy is a retrieve and replace (R&R) cycle, meaning the retrieval and immediate replacement of turbines with ready spares. The retrieved turbines are then refurbished at a local land-based facility for subsequent reuse.


TriFrame™ Mount

Other Advantages

  • TriFrame™ allows for installation and R&R access to multiple turbines in single on-water operations, minimizing related time and high costs.

  • R&R cycle strategy allows for regularly scheduled on-water operations and maintenance work, lowering the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) and reducing risks for unplanned outages.

  • Coupled with the simple design of the Free Flow System turbine, use of local facilities for refurbishment can return turbines to readiness and into a spare fleet within days.

  • Refurbishment work can usually be accomplished in the community surrounding the project, creating local economic benifits.

The fundamental technology development of Verdant Power’s Free Flow System has focused on concurrent advancements in the following four areas around and bearing on the Company’s projects and work in partnership with government, NGO, and other research partners:

  • Technology Advancement

  • Manufacturing and Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) Reduction

  • Environmental Compatibility

  • Regulatory Acceptance

Key milestones achieved during this technology development period are as follows:

  • Advancing the Free Flow System through five generations of RD&D, taking the technology to the current fifth generation (Gen5) 

  • Undertaking first-of-a-kind regulatory and environmental compatibility efforts, achieving acceptability of the Free Flow System design in marine environments and resulting in the first commercial license for tidal power in the United States

  • Progression of US-based manufacturing and supply chain efforts focused on logical reductions in product costs and LCOE

Generation 5 Free Flow System
Development of the fifth-generation (Gen5) Free Flow System is advancing based on prior generation operations. The Gen5 system represents a commercially economical design for reliability, resilience, and environmental compatibility.  The design cycle has focused on minimizing maintenance requirements by maximizing service intervals and achieving economic volume manufacturing and assembly.


Key design enhancements to the Gen5 turbine include the following:

  • Composite (fiber-reinforced plastic) blades

  • Ductile iron hub casting

  • Casting for pylon/nacelle connection

  • Integrated gearbox unit incorporating shaft housing/bearings/seals

  • Redundant dynamic (shaft) and static sealing to retain lubricant and exclude seawater

  • Novel long service life main shaft seal arrangement

  • Failsafe brake

  • Non-toxic fouling-release coating system

  • Improved commercial quality control and assurance manufacturing process

TriFrame™ Advancement and IO&M Cost Reductions

Key to the commercialization of a marine energy technology is to make significant reductions to the costs of system installation, operations & maintenance (IO&M).


Towards this end, Verdant Power is conducting a project with support from the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the New York State Energy Research & Development Authority (NYSERDA) that has executed an integrated design process to develop, operate, and execute a cost-effective maintenance cycle at full-scale in open water, on a TriFrame™ equipped with three Gen5 turbines at the RITE Project site. 


Installation of the Gen5 system on the TriFrame™ mount occurred in October 2020.  Learn More >

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Gen5 System Installation at RITE Project (2020)

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